Driving your 4WD truck off-road requires experience and skill. You have to be trained to do certain driving technique, no matter what type of off-road scenario you are in. Learning the different techniques is your only license to getting safe at all times if you love to go off-roading. What techniques apply to the different off-road scenarios? Read on to find out!

Driving in deep ruts and ditches

In this type of scenario, you are required to practise your steering skills. Make sure you do not oversteer though. It would be best to familiarise yourself with your vehicle's ground clearance and that you allow wheels to follow their route. When steering, you have to grab the wheel lightly but firm enough to have control over the vehicle's movement.

Driving on the hills

Perhaps, one of the most challenging routes when driving a 4WD is doing a hill climb or descent. The technique in here is very easy though. Know the best route possible and avoid holes, stumps and rocks whenever necessary. Your gears must be placed on a steady pace and your wheels must work according to the traction required in such a scenario. In case you feel your 4X4 stops on the hill, use your brakes and clutches working on a reverse motion. Do not work on the brakes on your descent or you will roll over. The engine, in this case, will make the necessary adjustments to the brakes.

Driving on a muddy terrain

Mud can stick the wheels of the 4WD and requires working on the tire's tread. The bad news is even the most aggressive treads can have a hard time dealing with mud. You can work on this by steering from left to right as often as possible. You should have steady momentum and make sure you lower your tire pressure as well.

Driving in snow

Working on your gears matters if you are driving your 4WD in a snowy terrain. Make sure that the gear is shifted to low. This is the best way to maintain momentum. Additionally, you should avoid changing gears especially when the situation does not call for it. It is also recommended to stay on the higher side of the slope to avoid frozen streams, branches and rocks. In case you need to drive an uphill snow, you should give regard to steering, shifting from left to right not sideways.

Driving in deep water

Driving a 4WD in deep water can be very challenging but the first things you need to check on are underwater potholes as well as submerged objects. In case you cannot check on that because you cannot peek through the bottom, you can walk where the left tire goes then return based on where the right tire goes.

Driving in soft sand

Driving in this scenario requires paying attention to sharp turns. You should maintain your momentum but never brake or at least avoid it. If you are under load, never change gears. Start off slowly in terms of speed and reduce tire pressure by half.

Yes, it is quite obvious that different off-road scenarios require different 4WD driving techniques. You simply have to abide by the basic rules and you will be sure you are safe no matter how challenging the situation is at the moment. It will help not to overthink things if you intend to get out of the road in the safest way possible.