How often have you heard 4WD enthusiasts talk of 4WD rims and tyres and wondered what they meant? It happens to most people who know little or nothing about 4x4 accessories. Fortunately, you don’t have to worry so much about what some 4x4 terms mean because there are simple words that can explain complex 4x4 terms. Read on to learn more!

4WD Rims

Start with the basics to understand what 4WD rims are all about. This means understanding a thing or two about the two main types of 4WD rims – Allow and Steel rims. There is a huge difference between the two, so be sure to take time to understand what sets the rim apart from each other.

The most common difference has everything to do with aesthetics. Alloy rims are simply more appealing compared to steel rims. That explains why soccer mums and modern day 4WD enthusiast prefer them. There is also the fact that alloy rims are made of light metal alloys (hence the name ‘alloy’). Because they are light, they guarantee less rotational resistance while on the move. This allows the vehicle to accelerate and pick up speed faster in both wet and dry conditions.

Steel rims are not as popular as the aforementioned alloy rims for pretty obvious reasons. First off, they are not appealing. Then they heat faster than allow rims. But all these downsides do not mean that they are useless. They too feature a few advantages. You can for instance, have an easy time changing a steel rim in case you damage it. Not so with 4WD alloy rims which can only be fixed by experts.

Stud patterns

Laymen often have a hard time understanding what the 4WD stud pattern is all about. It is in simple terms, the number of nuts one has to undo before changing his tyre. Most 4WD rims have 5 or 6 nuts or studs that hold them. But there is much more into studs than just the number. The pattern can be explained in two numbers. For instance, on a 4WD rim with an even number of nuts and bolt holes, the pattern will be 6x125. That means that there are 6 bolts with the distance between the centres of opposite bolts being 125mm.

Things change when one takes into account a rim with an odd number of nuts and bolt holes.  The rim may have 5x125 indication. This does not mean the same thing as explained above with rims that have an even number of bolts. That is because the 125mm measurement in this case will be taken from one back side of the bolt hole all the way to the centre of the most opposite bolt.

Other factors to consider

Before choosing alloy or steel or an even number or odd number rim, consider the terrain you will be driving on. Consider too if you can easily fix your 4WD tyre with ease, should you have a problem with it. Be sure to also choose rims from reputable rim manufacturing companies.